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Redwood

Origin of Materials

Ultimately you want the best when you purchase a wine cellar. We offer a wide variety of wood in different colors, grain patterns and stains to meet your tastes and needs. The most commonly used and ideal wood for a wine cellar is redwood. Redwoods grow in the cool and damp forest of northern Californiaand are naturally resistant to the environment of a wine cellar.

Environmentally Sound Decision

There are 1.74 million acres of Coastal Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) forests on California's north coast. About 26 percent, or 450,000 acres of these forests are preserved in national, state and municipal parks, national monuments and other administratively withdrawn lands where harvesting is prohibited.

Of the remaining 1.29 million acres where harvesting can take place, approximately 1.03 million acres (80 percent) are currently being well managed according to independent third-party certification programs.

Forest certification provides consumers with assurance that the redwood products they purchase have been harvested in an environmentally sound manner.

The basic tenants of certification programs include:

  • sustainable forestry
  • prompt reforestation
  • protecting of water quality
  • enhancement of wildlife habitat
  • minimizing the visual impact of harvesting
  • protection of unique sites
  • improvements in wood utilization

Timeless Beauty

Redwood withstands the test of time. As redwood ages, it becomes darker and more beautiful in color. When itís first cut, it has a soft and pale pinkish- red hue. Over time redwood will age to a dark and honey-rose color.

All-Heart Redwood is from the center of the redwood tree and is distinguished by a deep, rich, reddish-brown color and a dramatic grain pattern.







Ideal Wood for Wine Storage

Because redwood has the least about of shrinkage (compared with other commercial wood species), it is much less likely to warp, split and have other dimensional defects. Redwood has a natural, built-in resistance to decay and insect that is throughout the wood, not just at the surface. Due to the open-celled structure of redwood, it is able to absorb and retain all types of finishes tremendously well. Although itís not necessary to stain redwood due to its natural resistance to moisture and beauty, staining is for esthetics. Redwood is also a softer wood making it easier to customize into beautiful radius accent pieces.

Grain Pattern Variations

Here are illustrated examples of variances in grain patterns of different wood species. This spectrum starts with a relaxed grain pattern (on left) increasing to a tighter and more compacted sample (on right). Adding a stain can bring out the dramatic appearance of varying grain patterns.

Each tree has its own distinct grain. As a result, we offer woods with a variety of different patterns. Most woods offered feature a fairly straight grain. A few varieties feature curly or wavy grain. Appearances vary based on types of wood. Grain types can determine how a piece of wood is milled. We are experienced in working with woods of all different grain patterns.

Premium Redwood:
Wood that comes from the sapwood of the redwood tree. The sapwood surrounds the heartwood. This wood is generally more varied in color than heartwood.


All Heart (Redwood):

Wood that comes from the center of the redwood tree. Also found in other types of wood.


Plain Sawn:

Lumber that is sawed parallel to the annual growth rings. This practice makes the wood visually appealing, easier to produce from a log, and gives it a varied grain appearance. Most lumber is plain sawn. This is our standard offering.


Quarter Sawn:

Lumber that is sawed perpendicular to the annual growth rings. This method is sometimes requested in hardwoods because it shows off grain patterns. Material costs are higher for woods sawn in this technique, but it is available upon request.


Vertical Grain:

Annual growth rings run vertical to the face of a cut board. Redwood cellars will have a mixture of flat and vertical grain.


Flat Grain:

Annual rings run almost parallel to the face of a cut board. Hardwood cellars have a higher percentage of flat grain with the exception of butcher block tabletops and doors in which case the exposed surfaces are always vertical grain for integrity.


Finger-Jointed:

A method of joining pieces of lumber end-to-end. The end of each piece is sawn into a set of projecting "fingers" that interlock. WE DO NOT OFFER THIS IN OUR CUSTOM RACKING!


Edg
e-Glued:

The process of joining two pieces of wood without the use of locking shapes (as seen in the finger-joint). This process is done by pressing the straight edge of a board against another and applying a thin layer of glue between them for adhesion to ultimately create a larger piece of wood from smaller sections.


Spacer Bar:

Our specially developed component used to tie together many types of racking styles. The dado notches slip snugly over vertical posts to create a stable and attractive interlock.


SB Rail:

Used at all locations where a spacer bar will be placed. It is square-cut and recessed to create a snug fit.


Beveled Rail:

Aesthetically pleasing and helps keep label tearing to a minimum.



Molding Rail:

Flush mounted to front of rack for zero gap when molding is applied.




Wood Properties

All of our wood options are structurally acceptable for a wine cellar but some applications call for a specific wood types. The technical data for each wood type is explained below:

Moisture Content:

Weight of moisture in a piece of wood shown as a percentage of its oven dry weight.

Specific Gravity:

Ratio of density of wood to that of water.

Modulus of Rupture:

The maximum load-bearing capacity of a wood in bending and proportional to maximum movement borne by a specimen.

Modulus of Elasticity:

A measurement designed to show the ability of a wood to recover from deformations produced by low stress once the loads are removed.

Compression Parallel to Grain:

Maximum measurement of stress that a parallel-to-grain specimen (with a ratio of length to least dimension less than 11) of wood is able to withstand.

Shear Parallel to Grain:

Wood's ability to resist slipping of one internal part upon another part along the grain.

Density:

Weight of the wood per cubic foot. Determines the strength of the wood, varies depending on species.

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